SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME (SSI) ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS
WHO IS ELIGIBLE FOR SSI?
aged (age 65 or older);
has restricted earnings;
has restricted assets;
is a U.S. citizen or nationwide, or in considered one of sure classes of aliens;
is a resident of one of many 50 States, the District of Columbia, or the Northern Mariana Islands;
just isn’t absent from the nation for a full calendar month or for 30 consecutive days or extra;
just isn’t confined to an establishment (akin to a hospital or jail) on the authorities’s expense;
applies for some other money advantages or funds for which she or he could also be eligible, (for instance, pensions, Social Security advantages);
provides SSA permission to contact any monetary establishment and request any monetary information about you;
recordsdata an software; and
meets sure different necessities.
WHAT DOES “AGED” MEAN?
“Aged” means age 65 or older.
WHAT IS “BLINDNESS” FOR AN ADULT OR CHILD?
Blindness in our incapacity applications means:
you may have a central visible acuity for distance of 20/200 or much less in your higher eye with use of a correcting lens; or
you may have a visible subject limitation in your higher eye, such that the widest diameter of the visible subject subtends an angle no better than 20 levels.
If you may have a visible impairment, however usually are not blind in response to our guidelines as outlined above, you should still be eligible for SSI advantages on the premise of incapacity. See the definitions of incapacity for youngsters and adults beneath.
WHAT DOES “DISABLED” MEAN FOR A CHILD?
If you’re underneath age 18 we could think about you “disabled” when you’ve got a medically determinable bodily or psychological impairment, (together with an emotional or studying downside) that:
outcomes marked and extreme practical limitations; and
may be anticipated to end in dying; or
has lasted or may be anticipated to final for a steady interval of not lower than 12 months.
If you’re age 18 or older, the grownup definition of incapacity defined beneath applies.
WHAT DOES “DISABLED” MEAN FOR AN ADULT?
If you’re age 18 or older we could think about you “disabled” when you’ve got a medically determinable bodily or psychological impairment (together with an emotional or studying downside) which:
ends in the shortcoming to do any substantial gainful exercise; and
may be anticipated to end in dying; or
has lasted or may be anticipated to final for a steady interval of not lower than 12 months.
SSA is dedicated to offering advantages rapidly to claimants whose medical circumstances are so severe that their circumstances clearly meet incapacity requirements.
Compassionate Allowances (CAL) are a approach to rapidly establish ailments and different medical circumstances that, by definition, meet Social Security’s requirements for incapacity advantages. These circumstances primarily embrace sure cancers, grownup mind problems, and quite a lot of uncommon problems that have an effect on kids. The CAL initiative helps scale back ready time to achieve a incapacity willpower for people with probably the most severe disabilities. By incorporating cutting-edge expertise, the company can simply establish potential CAL to rapidly make choices. SSA receives data kind the general public, advocacy teams, feedback acquired from the Social Security and Disability Determination Services communities, counsel from medical and scientific specialists, analysis with the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and data acquired from previous public outreach hearings relating to potential CAL circumstances. Go to www.ssa.gov/compassionateallowances/ for extra data on CAL.
WHAT DOES “LIMITED INCOME”INCLUDE?
Income, for the needs of SSI contains:
cash you earn from work;
cash you obtain from different sources, akin to Social Security advantages, employees compensation, unemployment advantages, the Department of Veterans Affairs, associates or kinfolk; and
free meals or shelter.
WHAT ARE “LIMITED RESOURCES”?
Resources, for the needs of SSI, are belongings you personal akin to:
financial institution accounts:
Stocks, mutual funds, and U.S. financial savings bonds;
life insurance coverage; and
anything you personal that may very well be transformed to money and used for meals or shelter.
The SSI limits for assets that we do depend are:
Individual/Child — $2,000 Couple — $3,000
CITIZEN / NON-CITIZEN STATUS
To get SSI, you have to be:
a citizen or nationwide of the United States; or
a non-citizen who meets the alien eligibility standards underneath the 1996 laws and its amendments.
WHEN IS A NON-CITIZEN ELIGIBLE FOR SSI?
Beginning August 22, 1996, most non-citizens should meet two necessities to be eligible for SSI:
the non-citizen have to be in a professional alien class, and
meet a situation that permits certified aliens to get SSI advantages.
A non-citizen should additionally meet the entire different necessities for SSI eligibility, together with the boundaries on earnings, assets, and so forth.
WHO IS A “QUALIFIED ALIEN”?
There are seven classes of non-citizens who’re certified aliens. You are a “qualified alien” if the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) says you’re in considered one of these classes:
- Lawfully admitted for Permanent Residence (LAPR) within the U.S., together with “Amerasian immigrant” as outlined in P.L. 100-202, with a category of admission AM-1 via AM-8;
- Granted conditional entry underneath Section of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) as in impact earlier than April 1, 1980;
- Paroled into the U.S. underneath Section of the INA for a interval of not less than one yr;
- Refugee admitted to the U.S. underneath Section 207 of the INA;
- Granted asylum underneath Section 208 of the INA;
- Deportation is being withheld underneath Section of the INA as in impact earlier than April 1, 1997, or elimination is being withheld underneath Section
- A “Cuban or Haitian entrant” underneath Section of the Refugee Education Assistance Act of 1980 or in a standing that’s to be handled as a “Cuban/Haitian entrant” for SSI functions.
In addition, you generally is a “deemed qualified alien” if, underneath sure circumstances, you, your little one, or your mother or father has been subjected to battery or excessive cruelty by a member of the family whereas within the United States.
UNDER WHAT CONDITIONS IS A “QUALIFIED ALIEN” ELIGIBLE FOR SSI?
If you’re in one of many seven “qualified alien” classes listed above, or have been decided to be a “deemed qualified alien” as a result of you may have been subjected to battery or excessive cruelty, you might be eligible for SSI advantages when you’ve got restricted earnings and assets and are aged, blind, or disabled and in addition meet one of many following circumstances:
- You had been receiving SSI and lawfully residing within the U.S. on August 22, 1996.
- You are a Lawfully Admitted for Permanent Residence (LAPR) with 40 qualifying quarters of earnings. Work achieved by your partner or mother or father(s) may depend towards the 40 quarters of earnings, however just for getting SSI. We can not depend quarters of earnings earned after December 31, 1996, in the event you, your partner, or your mother or father(s) labored or acquired sure advantages from the U.S. authorities based mostly on restricted earnings and assets throughout that interval.
- You are at the moment on lively responsibility within the U.S. Armed Forces, or you’re an honorably discharged veteran and your discharge just isn’t since you are an alien. This situation may apply in case you are the partner, widow(er), or dependent little one of sure U.S. army personnel.
- You had been lawfully residing within the United States on August 22, 1996, and you’re blind or disabled.
- You could obtain SSI for a most of seven years from the date DHS granted you certified alien standing in one of many following classes, and the standing was granted inside seven years of submitting for SSI:
Refugee admitted to the United States (U.S.) underneath part 207 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA);
Asylee admitted to the U.S. underneath part 208 of the INA;
Alien whose deportation was withheld underneath part 243(h) of the INA or whose elimination is withheld underneath part 241(b)(3)of the INA;
Admitted as a “Cuban or Haitian entrant”- as outlined underneath part 501(e) of the Refugee Education Assistance Act of 1980 or in a standing that’s to be handled as a “Cuban/Haitian entrant” for SSI functions; or
“Amerasian immigrant” pursuant to P.L. 100-202, with a category admission of AM-1 via AM-8.
EXEMPTION FROM THE AUGUST 22, 1996 LAW FOR CERTAIN NON-CITIZEN INDIANS
Certain classes of non-citizens could also be eligible for SSI and usually are not topic to the August 22, 1996, regulation. These classes embrace:
American Indians born in Canada who had been admitted to the United States underneath Section 289 of the INA; or
Non-citizen members of a Federally acknowledged Indian tribe who fall underneath Section 4(e) of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act.
ADDITIONAL ELIGIBLE ALIEN CATEGORIES
Victims of Severe Forms of Human Trafficking: You could also be eligible for SSI underneath sure circumstances if the Department of Health and Human Services’ Office of Refugee Resettlement and the Department of Homeland Security decide that you just meet the necessities of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000.
Iraqi/Afghan Special Immigrants: You may qualify for SSI for a interval of seven years in case you are an Iraqi or Afghani particular immigrant admitted to the United States. On September 30, 2021, Congress handed the Afghanistan Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2022 (Public Law 117-43) and Section 2502 of this laws offers that Afghan humanitarian parolees, referred to as Non-Special Immigrant Parolees, could qualify for SSI till March 31, 2023, or till the top of their parole interval, whichever is later.
WHAT IS RESIDENCY?
• Live in one of many 50 States, the District of Columbia or the Northern Mariana Islands, with the intent to proceed dwelling inside these geographic limits; or
Be a toddler dwelling with a mother or father within the army service assigned to everlasting responsibility ashore wherever outdoors of the U.S.; or
Be a scholar quickly overseas for the aim of conducting research as a part of an academic program.
WHO IS NOT ELIGIBLE FOR SSI?
Some examples of who just isn’t eligible for SSI embrace, however usually are not restricted to:
SOMEONE WHO HAS AN UNSATISFIED FELONY OR ARREST WARRANT
You are ineligible to obtain SSI advantages for any month throughout which you may have an unhappy felony OR arrest warrant for:
escape from custody; or
flight to keep away from prosecution or confinement; or
In addition, we can not pay you any retroactive funds when you’ve got considered one of these unhappy felony or arrest warrants. We will maintain your retroactive funds till you contact SSA and supply proof that you just happy the felony or arrest warrant.
SOMEONE WHO IS IN PRISON OR JAIL
If you’re receiving SSI and also you go to jail or jail, (this additionally contains correctional establishments, akin to detention facilities, midway homes, boot camps, and so forth. however doesn’t essentially embrace residence confinement) you aren’t eligible to obtain SSI for any full calendar month you’re incarcerated. In addition, we can not pay any retroactive funds for advantages due earlier than you had been incarcerated. We will maintain the retroactive funds till you contact SSA and supply proof that you’re not a prisoner.
Please see our pamphlet, ‘What Prisoners Need to Know’ or view it on-line at www.ssa.gov/pubs/EN-05-10133.pdf if you’d like extra details about how being in jail or jail impacts your SSI advantages.
In most cases, you possibly can apply for SSI advantages and Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) advantages a number of months earlier than you count on to be launched from jail or jail. See the SSI highlight on the Prerelease Procedure.
SOMEONE WHO IS IN A PUBLIC INSTITUTION
If you’re in any establishment for a complete month that’s run by a Federal, State or native authorities, you aren’t eligible for SSI for that month until an exception applies akin to residence in a public emergency shelter for the homeless or publicly operated group residence. If you count on to go away the establishment, you might use the prerelease process described within the SSI highlight on the Prerelease Procedure.
SOMEONE WHO GIVES AWAY RESOURCES
If you give away a useful resource or promote it for lower than it’s price with a purpose to scale back your assets beneath the SSI useful resource restrict, you might be ineligible for SSI for as much as 36 months.
SOMEONE WHO IS A NON-CITIZEN SSI RECIPIENT WHO FAILS TO MEET THE ALIEN STATUS REQUIREMENTS
If you’re receiving SSI as a non-citizen and also you lose your standing as an eligible alien, you aren’t eligible to obtain SSI. For instance, your SSI will cease in the event you lose your standing as a professional alien as a result of there’s an lively warrant in your deportation or elimination from the U.S.
If you’re a certified alien however you not meet one of many circumstances that permit SSI eligibility for certified aliens, then your SSI advantages will cease.
SOMEONE WHO IS AN SSI RECIPIENT WHO IS ABSENT FROM THE U.S. FOR A FULL CALENDAR MONTH OR FOR 30 CONSECUTIVE DAYS OR MORE
Except for sure college students quickly overseas for examine functions or a toddler of army mother and father stationed abroad, a person just isn’t eligible for SSI advantages for any month throughout all of which she or he has been outdoors the U.S. Once a person has been outdoors the U.S. for 30 consecutive days or longer, she or he have to be again within the U.S. for 30 consecutive days to be eligible for SSI advantages.
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